References sorted by main Author:

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Aflakpui, G.K.S., Bolfrey-Arku, G.E.K., Anchirinah, V.M., Manu-Aduening, J.A., Adu-Tutu, K.O., 2008. Incidence and severity of Striga spp. in the coastal savanna zone of Ghana. Results and implications of a formal survey. Outlook on Agriculture 37, 219-224.

Africa Rice Center (WARDA), 2007. Africa Rice Trends: Overview of recent developments in the sub-Saharan Africa rice sector. Africa Rice Center, Cotonou, Benin.

Aly, R., 2012. Advanced Technologies for Parasitic Weed Control. Weed Sci. 60, 290-294.

van Asten, P.J.A., Kaaria, S., Fermont, A.M., Delve, R.J., 2009. Challenges and lessons when using farmer knowledge in agricultural research and development projects in Africa. Experimental Agriculture 45, 1-14.


Balasubramanian, V., Sie, M., Hijmans, R.J., Otsuka, K., 2007. Increasing Rice Production in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. Advances in Agronomy 94, 55-133.

Berner, D.K., Cardwell, K.F., Faturoti, B.O., Ikie, F.O., Williams, O.A., 1994. Relative roles of wind, crop seeds, and cattle in dispersal of Striga spp. Plant Disease 78, 402-406.

Breukers, A., Mourits, M., Van Der Werf, W., Lansink, A.O., 2008. Costs and benefits of controlling quarantine diseases: a bio-economic modeling approach. Agricultural Economics 38, 137-149.


Cochrane, V., Press, M.C., 1997. Geographical distribution and aspects of the ecology of the hemiparasitic angiosperm Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze: a herbarium study. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13, 371-380.


De Groote, H., 2007. Striga economics. In: Ejeta, G., Gressel, J. (Eds.), Integrating new technologies for Striga control – towards ending the witch-hunt. World Scientific, Singapore, 265-280.

Demont, M., Cerovska, M., Daems, W., Dillen, K., Fogarasi, J., Mathijs, E., Muska, F., Soukup, J., Tollens, E., 2008. Ex ante impact assessment under imperfect information: Biotechnology in new member states of the EU. Journal of Agricultural Economics 59, 463-486.

Dugje, I.Y., Kamara, A.Y., Omoigui, L.O., 2006. Infestation of crop fields by Striga species in the savanna zones of northeast Nigeria. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 116, 251-254.

Douthwaite, B., Kuby, T., van de Fliert, E., Schulz, S., 2003. Impact pathway evaluation: an approach for achieving and attributing impact in complex systems. Agricultural Systems 78 (2), 243-265.

Douthwaite, B., Alvarez, S., Thiele, G., Mackay, R., Cordoba, D.,Tehelen, K., 2008. Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis: a practical method for project planning and evaluation. Paper prepared for: ‘Rethinking Impact: Understanding the Complexity of Poverty and Change’ Workshop. 26–28 March 2008, Cali, Colombia.


Ejeta, G., Gressel, J., 2007. Integrating new technologies for Striga control – towards ending the witch-hunt. Singapore, World Scientific.

Elliot, P.C., Clarisse, R.N., Beby, R., Josue, H.R., 1993. Weeds in rice in Madagascar. International Rice Research Notes 18, 53-54.

Eizenberg, H., Aly, R., Cohen, Y., 2012. Technologies for Smart Chemical Control of Broomrape (Orobanche spp. and Phelipanche spp.). Weed Sci. 60, 316-323.



Gildemacher, P. R., Kaguongo, W., Ortiz, O., Tesfaye, A., Woldegiorgis, G., Wagoire, W. 2009. Improving potato production in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia: A system diagnosis. Potato Research, 52 (2).


Hall, A., Bockett, G., Taylor, S., Sivamohan, M. V. K., Clark, N., 2001. Why Research Partnerships Really Matter: Innovation Theory, Institutional Arrangements and Implications for Developing New Technology for the Poor. World Development, 29 (5), 783-797.

Hansen, O.J., 1975. The genus Rhamphicarpa Benth. emend. Engl. (Scrophulariaceae). A taxonomic revision. Botanisk Tidsskrift 70, 103-125.

Holst, N., Rasmussen, I.A., Bastiaans, L., 2007. Field weed population dynamics: a review of model approaches and applications. Weed Research 47, 1-14.


IPCC, 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K., Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.



Klein Woolthuis, R., Lankhuizen, M., Gilsing, V., 2005. A system failure framework for innovation policy design. Technovation 25 (6), 609-619.

Klerkx, L., Schut, M., Leeuwis, C., Kilelu, C., 2012. Advances in knowledge brokering in the agricultural sector: towards innovation system facilitation. IDS Bulletin 43, 53-60.

Kropff, M.J., van Laar, H.H., 1993. Modelling crop-weed interactions. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK.

Kroschel, J., 1998. Striga – How will it affect African agriculture in the future? – an ecological perspective. In: Martin, K., Muther, J., Auffarth, A. (Eds.), Agro-ecology, plant protection and the human environment: views and concepts. Margraf Verlag, Weikersheim, Germany, pp. 137-158.

Krupnik, T.J., C. Shennan, W.H. Settle, M. Demont, A.B. Ndiaye and J. Rodenburg (2012). Improving irrigated rice production in the Senegal River Valley through experiential learning and innovation. Agricultural Systems 109(0): 101-112.

Kunisch, M., Linke, K.H., Richter, O., Koch, W., 1991. Inclusion of conceptual modelling in studies on the population dynamics of the genus Striga. Angewandte Botanik 65, 45-57.
Mas-Colell, A., Whinston, M.D., Green, J.R., 1995. Microeconomic Theory. New York, Oxford University Press.



Mallory-Smith, C., Colquhoun, J., 2012. Small Broomrape (Orobanche minor) in Oregon and the 3 Rs: Regulation, Research, and Reality. Weed Sci. 60, 277-282.

Mbwaga, A. M., Riches, C. R., 2006. Reversing the yield decline of upland-rice on Striga infested land. International Symposium on Integrating New Technologies for Striga Control: Towards Ending the Witch-hunt.

Mohamed, K.I., Papes, M., Williams, R., Benz, B.W., Peterson, T.A., 2006. Global invasive potential of 10 parasitic witchweeds and related Orobanchaceae. Ambio 35, 281-288.




Parker, C., 2012. Parasitic Weeds: A World Challenge. Weed Sci. 60, 269-276.

Patterson, D.T., Musser, R.L., Flint, E.P., Eplee, R.E., 1982. Temperature responses and potential for spread of witchweed (Striga lutea) in the United States. Weed Science 30, 87-93.



Ransom, J., Kanampiu, F., Gressel, J., De Groote, H., Burnet, M., Odhiambo, G., 2012. Herbicide Applied to Imidazolinone Resistant-Maize Seed as a Striga Control Option for Small-Scale African Farmers. Weed Sci. 60, 283-289.

Raynal Roques, A., 1994. Major, minor and potential parasitic weeds in semi-arid tropical Africa: the example of Scrophulariaceae. In: Pieterse, A. H., Verkleij, J. A. C., ter Borg, S. J., 400-405.

Reece, J. D., 2007. What enables innovation in the private sector? Lessons from the development of salt-tolerant hybrid rice. Journal of International Development, 19 (6), 853-863.

Rodenburg, J., Bastiaans, L., Schapendonk, A.H.C.M., van der Putten, P.E.L., van Ast, A., Dingemanse, N.J., Haussmann, B.I.G., 2008. CO2-assimilation and chlorophyll fluorescence as indirect selection criteria for host tolerance against Striga. Euphytica 160, 75-87.

Rodenburg, J., Johnson, D.E., 2009. Weed management in rice-based cropping systems in Africa. Advances in Agronomy 103, 149-218.

Rodenburg, J., Riches, C.R., Kayeke, J.M., 2009a. Addressing current and future problems of parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, accepted.

Rodenburg, J., N. Zossou, G. Gbehounou, P. Kiepe, 2009b. Invasion, impact and possible integrated management of the facultative hemi-parasitic weed Rhamphicarpa fistulosa in rainfed lowland rice. Rubiales, D., Westwood, J. H., and Uludag, A. 10th Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Parasitic Plants , 38.


Schut, M. (2012). Who cares about research?! A study on the role of research in policy processes in competing claims contexts. Communication and Innovation Studies. PhD-thesis. Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen.

Sumberg, J., 2005. Systems of innovation theory and the changing architecture of agricultural research in Africa Food Policy, 30 (1), 21-41.

Sumberg, J., Reece, D., 2004. Agricultural research through a new product development lens. Experimental Agriculture 40 (03), 295-314.


Tasker, A.V., Westwood, J.H., 2012. The U.S. Witchweed Eradication Effort Turns 50: A Retrospective and Look-Ahead on Parasitic Weed Management. Weed Sci. 60, 267-268.

Timko, M.P., Huang, K., Lis, K.E., 2012. Host Resistance and Parasite Virulence in Striga–Host Plant Interactions: A Shifting Balance of Power. Weed Sci. 60, 307-315.



Van de Ven, A. H., Polley, D. E., Garud, R., Venkatamaran, S., 1999. The innovation journey. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Van Mele, P., 2008. The importance of ecological and socio-technological literacy in R&D priority setting: the case of a fruit innovation system in Guinea, West Africa. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 6, 183-194.

Vissoh, P.V., Mongbo, R., Gbèhounou, G., Hounkonnou, D., Ahanchédé, A., Röling, N.G., Kuyper, T.W., 2007. The social construction of weeds: Different reactions to an emergent problem by farmers, officials and researchers. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 5, 161-175.


Westwood, J.H., dePamphilis, C.W., Das, M., Fernández-Aparicio, M., Honaas, L.A., Timko, M.P., Wafula, E.K., Wickett, N.J., Yoder, J.I., 2012. The Parasitic Plant Genome Project: New Tools for Understanding the Biology of Orobanche and Striga. Weed Sci. 60, 295-306.




Ziska, L.H., 2008. Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide and plant biology: The overlooked paradigm. DNA and Cell Biology 27, 165-172.

Zossou, N., 2008. Riziculture de bas-fonds au Bénin: évaluation des problèmes phytosanitaires causés par Rhamphicarpa fistulosa dans les communes de Dassa et Glazoué. Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou

For more literature on parasitic weeds:

Knowledge and documents