News on... Postdoc project

PARASITE decision making tool RAAIS applied in Kazakhstan

Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS) has been applied in a program on climate change adaptation in Southeast Kazakhstan. The authors reflect on the usefulness of the RAAIS approach and consider the overall effectiveness of the method as a research tool, practical issues in the implementation ofworkshops, definition of and selection of participant groups, as well as the questions of participation and

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Seminar on the PARASITE Project at FAO

On Monday 10th August 2015, Josey Kamanda gave a talk entitled "Preparing African Rice Farmers Against Parasitic Weeds in a Changing Environment (PARASITE): A Transdisciplinary Approach" at the FAO headquarters in Rome. The talk was part of a seminar series for FAO's Plant Production and Protection Division (AGP). Dr Gualbert Gbèhounou – a member of the PARASITE project, also attended the

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PhD graduation Josey Kamanda

On Wednesday 8 July 2015, PARASITE postdoc Josey  Kamanda successfully defended his PhD work at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany. The thesis, supervised by Prof. Dr. Regina Birner, examined the dilemma faced by international agricultural research centres under the CGIAR in defining their functional boundaries. Josey graduated with the highest grade (1.0 – Sehr Gut [very good]). Summary

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New publication: Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice

Our most recent paper is published with Crop Protection. The paper explores the institutional and political dimensions of parasitic weeds in rice in Tanzania and Benin. Key lessons learned include: Institutional and political dimensions of parasitic weed problems are underexposed Constraints are often embedded in broader crop protection and agricultural systems Examples include: access to credit, high quality inputs, information and training Stakeholder

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Lunch seminar Josey Kamanda

On Thursday 26 February 2015 he gave a lunch seminar at the Knowledge Technology and Innovation (KTI) Group. In his presentation, Josey talked about his PhD work as well as the PARASITE project. He gave a introduction on the challenges posed by parasitic weeds and how the Parasite programme aims to address them. He also spoke about the objectives of

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Blog on Parasitic Weeds: “Unknown rice parasite threatens harvests in Africa”

Few agronomists are familiar with Rhamphicarpa fistulosa, a fragile weed with white flowers, from the broomrape family. Yet this root parasite is increasingly affecting rice cultivation in Africa. This has become clear from the initial results of the research programme PARASITE on parasitic weeds in rice in sub-Saharan Africa. The rice pest was described by the Beninese agronomist Gualbert Gbèhounou

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Impression of the 2nd Science Incubator Workshop on Weeds and Invasive Plants

Between 24-28 June 2014, Marc Schut participated in the 2nd Science Incubator Workshop on Weeds and Invasive Plants in Benasque, Spain. The objective of the workshop was to bring together both the youth and the experienced members of the weed research community to discuss the future of weed research. Ecologists, biologists, agronomists, economists and sociologists engaged in horizon scanning activities and developed

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Update postdoc project (subproject 4)

The postdoc project is in its final phase. A conceptual paper has been written and published in Science and Public Policy. In the paper, we reflect on complex agricultural problems as having four key features: (1) complex problems have different dimensions and can therefore not be fully understood by analysing these dimensions separately (multi-dimensional), (2) complex problems are embedded in

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Parasite progress workshop 17 June 2014

On Tuesday 17 June 2014, the Parasite team met for a workshop in Wageningen, the Netherlands. The key objective of the workshop was to discuss (1) overall progress of the different subprojects (including completed activities and outputs), (2) present work in progress (ongoing activities/ paper(s) in preparation), and (3) the way forward (planning and to be developed outputs). The presentations

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Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review

As part of the sociology subproject 4 we have published a review entitled: "Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review" in Crop Protection. The paper explores the extent to which systems approaches to innovation are reflected in the crop protection literature and how such approaches are used. A systematic literature review was conducted to study the relation between crop protection and

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Internship report Elifadhili Daniel: Assessment of agricultural extension services in Tanzania

The report of Elifadhili Daniel's internship entitled "Assessment of agricultural extension services in Tanzania. A case study of Kyela, Songea Rural, and Morogoro Rural Districts" is now published on the website. Please refer to the report as: Daniel, E., 2013. Assessment of agricultural extension services in Tanzania. A case study of Kyela, Songea Rural, and Morogoro Rural Districts. Wageningen University, the

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Africa Rice Congress, 21-25 October 2013, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Between 21 and 25 October 2013, the 3rd Africa Rice Congress was held in Yaoundé, Cameroon. The Parasite programme was well represented at the congress. During the first two days of the congress, several thematic sessions were organised. Different papers and posters were presented by members of the Parasite team: Jonne Rodenburg and Marc Schut presented the overall programme and

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Seminar postdoc research, AfricaRice Cotonou, 30 August 2013

On Friday 30 August 2013, Marc Schut gave a presentation on his postdoc fieldwork conducted in Benin. During his fieldwork in Benin, Marc conducted 65 in-depth interviews and organised 3 multi-stakeholder workshops at the three study sites; Dassa-Zoumé, Kandi and Tanguiéta that were attended by 66 participants. In his presentation, Marc elaborated on the overall objectives of the Parasite programme,

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Multi-stakeholder workshops in Dassa-Zoumé, Kandi and Tanguiéta, August 2013

Between 19 and 26 August 2013, three multi-stakeholder workshops were organized in Dassa-Zoumé, Kandi and Tanguiéta, Benin. In these three study sites, parasitic weeds in rainfed rice production are eminent. In total, the three workshops were attended by 66 participants. For each workshop, farmers and representatives of government (department and commune level), civil society organisations, private sector, and research and

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Publication: Towards dynamic research configurations

Marc Schut, Annemarie van Paassen, Cees Leeuwis and Laurens Klerkx have published a paper entitled "Towards dynamic research configurations: A framework for reflection on the contribution of research to policy and innovation processes." The conceptual paper builds on Marc's PhD research and postdoc research in the Parasite Programme and analyses the complex role of research and researchers when supporting mulit-actor

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First round of fieldwork postdoc project Benin

Between 17 and 31 July 2013, Léonard Cossi Hinnou (INRAB) and Marc Schut (WUR) conducted fieldwork in Benin. Based on the earlier work of our PhD-candidate Simon N’cho, three field sites were selected: Dassa-Zoumé Commune (Collines Department), Kandi Commune (Alibori Department) and Tanguiéta Commune (Atakora Department). In these three field sites, parasitic weeds in rainfed rice production are problematic. Key

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European Weed Research Society Symposium, Turkey

Lammert Bastiaans will represent the Parasite programme during the 16th symposium of the European Weed Research Society. The Symposium will be held between 24 and 27 June 2013 in Samsun, Turkey. An abstract has been accepted for poster presentation. Both have been uploaded on the Parasite website. For more information, please visit: www.ewrs2013.org.

Week of Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Between 27 and 31 May 2013, Marc Schut and Laurens Klerkx participated in various activities during the Week of Agricultural Innovation in Africa (WAIA). The various activities were held in and around Nairobi, Kenya. Innovation Platform Writeshop During the first part of the week, we participated in a writeshop (e.g. http://www.mamud.com/writeshop.htm) on Innovation Platforms organised by the International Livestock Research

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Rhamphicarpa in Uganda

Together with Prof. Julie Scholes, of the University of Sheffield, Jonne Rodenburg and Mamadou Cissoko visited Uganda to select a field site for the DFID, BBSRC and Bill & Melinda Gates funded STRIGA project and to discuss with farmers and partners from Makerere University and Africa2000. On our field trip we observed Striga infested rice in the uplands and, unexpectedly

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Parasite Programme mid-term workshop, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Between 22 and 26 April 2013 the Parasite Programme mid-term workshop was held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The workshop was attended by 19 participants from the Netherlands, Cote d’Ivoire, Benin, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Among the participants were the programme leaders, PhD-candidates, postdoctoral researchers, supervisors, advisors and the FAO Weed Officer who was one of the original co-applicants of the Parasite programme. The main objective of

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CCAFS Science Meeting

Between 17-20 March 2013, Jonne Rodenburg and Marc Schut participated in the Science Meeting of the CGIAR research programme on Climate Change in Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Jonne represented AfricaRice and Marc was invited to provide input on social learning, which was a key theme during the meeting. The science meeting started from the idea that social learning can

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Update postdoctoral research project

Marc Schut has been analysing data and writing on two articles. Paper 1: Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection The first article is a literature review of systems approaches to innovation in the crop protection literature. The literature review includes the analysis of over 100 research papers and reviews to explore (a) the importance of technology-oriented approaches versus systems-oriented

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IDS Knowledge Exchange Event on learning for climate and development policy

Marc Schut participated in a Knowledge Exchange event that was held at the Institute for Development Studies (IDS) in Brighton on 5 and 6 March 2013. The knowledge exchange attracted a variety of participants, representing international development organisations, universities and CGIAR agricultural research institutes. The knowledge exchange was organised around the theme of “learning for climate and development policy”. Marc

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Lunch seminar CSA Marc Schut

Postdoc Marc Schut gave a CSA lunch seminar entitled: "Analysis of agricultural innovation in crop protection and extension systems in Tanzania: The case of parasitic weeds in rainfed rice production systems." In the seminar he discussed how he operationalised the Agricultural Innovation Systems approach to study the institutional and political dynamics of parasitic weeds in rainfed, smallholder rice production systems

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Lunch seminar KTI Marc Schut

Postdoc Marc Schut gave a KTI lunch seminar entitled: "Analysis of agricultural innovation in crop protection and extension systems in Tanzania: Concepts, methods and preliminary results." In the seminar he discussed how he operationalised the Agricultural Innovation Systems approach to study the institutional and political dynamics of parasitic weeds in rainfed, smallholder rice production systems in Tanzania. The slides can

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Summary mid-term review Parasite Programme

On 11 December 2012 Ms. Marije Severs and Ms. Han van Dijk of NWO/WOTRO visited Wageningen for the mid-term review of the Parasite programme. In preparation of the meeting, the Parasite programme team prepared a self-evaluation in line with the WOTRO progress report. The meeting started with a presentation by Lammert Bastiaans and Marc Schut, who reflected on the objectives

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Goodbye coffee Marc Schut AfricaRice Tanzania

On Friday morning (2 November 2012) Marc Schut said goodbye to his AfricaRice colleagues in Tanzania. After short speeches by Jonne Rodenburg and Paul Kiepe, Marc thanked everybody for the interesting time he had at AfricaRice in Tanzania. He received a gift on behalf of all AfricaRice staff. Marc will return to Wageningen next week to work on two publications; a literature review, and

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Summary multi-stakeholder workshops in Songea, Kyela and Morogoro

Between 10 and 22 October 2012, 3 multi-stakeholder workshops have been conducted as part of the postdoctoral research in the Parasite project. The workshops took place in Songea (Ruvuma Region), Kyela (Mbeya Region) and in Morogoro (Morogoro Region). These locations have been strategically selected as also socio-economic surveys and interviews with key-stakeholders have been conducted in these areas. All three

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3 Multi-stakeholder workshops Parasite project Tanzania

For the postdoc project, Marc Schut is going on a 2,5 week fieldwork trip in Tanzania. Together with Juma Kayeke (MARI-Tanzania) and Enos Onyuka (AfricaRice) he is organising 3 multi-stakeholder workshops in three different regions in Tanzania (Songea, Kyela and Morogoro). In each of the workshops farmers, civil society representatives, private sector, government representatives and research and training institutes will participate. The objective

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Innovation Systems paper Klerkx and Schut published in IDS-bulletin

A paper authored by Parasite project members Laurens Klerkx and Marc Schut has been published in IDS bulletin. Abstract The process of knowledge brokering in the agricultural sector, where it is generally called agricultural extension, has been studied since the 1950s. While agricultural extension initially employed research push models, it gradually moved towards research pull and collaborative research models. The

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Update postdoc research Marc Schut

The fieldwork in Tanzania for the postdoc research in the Parasite project is halfway. It has been a very interesting research project so far. Main activities have been conducting fieldwork and developing an analytical framework to study and analyse the innovation capacity of the agricultural system in Tanzania. These activities have been carried out in a parallel fashion. Below I

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Fieldwork Morogoro (part 2) and rotary weeder workshop

9-12 July 2012 Jonne Rodenburg Juma Kayeke Marc Schut Rotary weeder workshop This week, AfricaRice organised a workshop for blacksmiths from different parts of Tanzania on how to make rotary weeders to mechanically weed lowland rice fields. The workshop started with a general introduction on weed and weed management in rice. Subsequently different types of rotary weeders were presented. After

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Fieldwork postdoc research

Dr. Juma M. Kayeke (principle officer Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute –MARI) Dr. Marc Schut (postdoc researcher AfricaRice and Wageningen University) What did we do? During the 10-day fieldwork trip (24 June – 3 July 2012) we worked in Uyole, Mbeya, Kyela, Ugurusi (Mbeya region, southern highland zone) Morogoro and Dakawa (Morogoro region, eastern zone). In total 25 people representing 19 different

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Sustainable Agricultural Innovation Systems (SAIS)

The Sustainable Agricultural Innovation Systems (SAIS) for Food Security and Environmental Protection. This essay by Diana Alarcón and Christina Bodouroglou is part of a series of think pieces reflecting on the importance of bringing the social dimension back into discussions about green economy and sustainable development. The Agricultural Innovation Systems approach provides a theoretical framework in the Parasite postdoc project. The full essay

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Tanzanian Government invests in boosting food production

The government has allocated 16.7bn/- in the 2012/13 fiscal year for implementation of the Tanzania Agricultural Food Security Investment Plan (TAFSIP) in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT). Minister for Agriculture, Food security and Cooperatives Christopher Chiza said the government also introduced the National Rice Development Strategy (NRDS) in 2009 which aims at improving cultivation of the crop,

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Summary postdoc seminar Marc Schut, AfricaRice, Tanzania

On 15 June 2012, Marc Schut presented his postdoc research (proposal) to  AfricaRice and IRRI colleagues in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Marc has started his work in Tanzania this week. His postdoc research is part of the Parasite project and will focus on analysing the Crop Protection System in Tanzania using the Agricultural Innovation Systems perspective. The presentation included a personal introduction, an

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Interesting websites for agricultural research in Tanzania, Benin and Cote d’Ivoir

In this post you find some very interesting websites that can support our research in Tanzania, Benin and Cote d'Ivoir. Tanzania This website provides an overview of Agricultural Legislations and Regulations in Tanzania – http://www.kilimo.go.tz/legislation%20and%20regulations/legislations/legislations.htm. There is even a document that contains the Rules of the Plant Protection Act (2010) specifically on Striga. Another interesting website provides an overview of the Agricultural

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Summary postdoc seminar 25 May 2012

On Friday 25 May 2012 Marc Schut organised a seminar about the postdoc research in the postdoc research. The seminar started at 13:00 hr and after the introduction, guest speaker Stephen Sherwood talked about different paradigms in crop protection in his presentation entitled: “Working with conflicting paradigms in IPM; experiences from the Andes”. After a short debate, Lammert Bastiaans continued

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Postdoc Marc Schut defended PhD-thesis

On 20 April 2012,  Marc Schut – the postdoctoral researcher in the Parasite project – succesfully defended his PhD-research entitled: "Who cares about research?! A study on the role of research in policy processes in competing claims contexts." The thesis consists on 6 research papers of which 4 have been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Online available chapters as published

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